October 1941 Conceived by optimistic parents.

1942, June 8th Continuation.

1946 No longer scared of the dark because the sun comes back; Copernicus explained it.

1948-55 1st part of an experimental scientific career in Vallis and Lausanne (instruments: knives, needles, strings, matches).

1955 First official dyslexic in the canton of Vaud – this permitted being bad at everything … and to understand those with difficulties.

1962 Federal maturity exam.

1962-66 Socialization through military service and disabled children

1967 Physicist-engineer at EPUL (now EPFL) to become biologist.

1968 Very important.

1969 Certificate of Molecular Biology at Geneva to become biophysicist. Began to study electron microscopy of DNA, which remains my main topic.

1973 Thesis in biophysics at Geneva and Basle with Eduard Kellenberger who taught me biophysics, ethical responsibility and durable friendship.

1970 -76 Psychoanalysis, freudian, very classic

1978 Group leader at EMBL (Heidelberg); how to introduce water in electron microscopy. Discovery of water vitrification and development of cryo-electron microscopy.

1987 Professor at l’UNIL, Department of Ultrastructural Analyis.

1998 Président of the Biology section with the chance to perform this assignment with Nicole Galland and Pierre Hainard, and to live at a moment when interesting things were happening in biology in Lausanne.

2002 End of the assignment. Sabbatical in Australia, Germany and Paris.

2004-7 Maturation of CEMOVIS (cryo-electron microscopy of vitreous sections).

2007 June Retirement Colloquium.

2007 => Host of the Dpt. of Ecology and Evolution. Science and Society for elderly.